Fiber optic Cabling sets new standards for high speed data transmission over extended distances. Fiber optic uses light to transmit signals as opposed to electric signals. Light experiences very low resistance and therefore you can run fiber-optic cable over very long distances unlike copper cables which has 100 meter of distance limitation. Fiber is more reliable than copper and has a longer life span. Fiber does not emit electromagnetic interference and is difficult to tap. Fiber is more lightweight than copper. Copper cable equals approximately 80 lbs./1000 feet while fiber weighs about 9 lbs./1000 feet.
TYPES OF FIBER OPTIC CABLING
The fiber comes in 2 forms: Multimode and Single Mode. Optical fiber is composed of several elements. The construction of a fiber optic cable consists of a core, cladding, coating buffer and outer jacket.
Multimode: This type of fiber is called “multimode” because light rays travel through the fiber following different paths called “modes”. Multi mode Fiber has a much wider core allowing multiple modes (or “rays”) of light to propagate.
Single Mode or SM Fiber: With SM, only one mode is propagated. It travels “straight” through the fiber. The core diameter is typically 9 µm. Single mode fiber has enormous information capacity, more than multimode fiber. SM fiber offers high bandwidth and signal quality compared to MM fiber.
Fiber Cables cables are installed in various environments (aerial, buried, duct, tunnel, underwater, etc.) and are therefore exposed to different environmental conditions. Most fibers operate in duplex (pairs)where one fiber is used to transmit, the other is used to receive.
If you looking for top performance in terms of bandwidth, long life span with low maintenance and better security, we recommend to go with Fiber Cabling.