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Types of Fiber Cabling

Types of Fiber Cabling

Fiber Optic Cable broadly is categorized into 2 types:

  • Indoor Fiber Cable
  • Outdoor Fiber Cable

Indoor Cable is for indoor environments where weather and temperature is not a big factor. Indoor Cable comes in the following formats:

Simplex cable—contains a single fiber for one-way communication
• Duplex cable—contains two fibers for two-way communication
• Multifiber cable—contains more than two fibers. Fibers are usually in pairs for duplex
operation. A ten-fiber cable permits five duplex circuits.
• Breakout cable—typically has several individual simplex cables inside an outer jacket.
The outer jacket includes a zipcord to allow easy access
• Heavy-, light-, and plenum-duty and riser cable
− Heavy-duty cables have thicker jackets than light-duty cable, for rougher handling.
− Plenum cables are jacketed with low-smoke and fire-retardant materials.
− Riser cables run vertically between floors and must be engineered to prevent fires
from spreading between floors.

Outdoor Fiber Cable are suitable for harsh weather conditions and comes in the following formats:

• Overhead—cables strung from telephone lines
• Direct burial—cables placed directly in trenches
• Indirect burial—cables placed in conduits

Apart from this, you can buy Indoor or outdoor Fiber in following formats:

  1. Loose Tube
  2. Microduct Cable
  3. Ribbon
  4. Tight-Buffered
  5. Self-Supporting
  6. Interconnect


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